14 February
Погода з gismeteo.ua
Courses: 0.00 UAH 0.00 UAH

  Conquest memorial at the Verecke Pass  
Veretsky pass lies on the Stryi and Latoritsa watershed. The pass has a height of 840 m above sea level. Veretsky pass has a long history.

From historical sources we know that in 888 the Byzantine emperor Leo VI the Wise invited Hungarians to take part in the fight against the Bulgarians, allowing them to move from the Urals and Volga regions to Dakia.

Already in the years of 894-896 main mass of Hungarian tribes led by Arpad under pressure of Pechenegs moved from the east Carpathian mountains, defeated the Bulgarians and settled on the Pannonian Plain. Movement of Hungarians through the Veretsky pass are prouved by archeological research of the Hungarian graves in the village Krylos nearby Galic and in the Beregove city in Transcarpathia.

In the spring of 1241 the Mongol-Tatar army led by Batu Khan broke through the Russian gate, overcame the fortified Zaseki and moved to the lower gate. In the vicinity of the village governor Dionysius at the head of a small Ruthenian troops made an unsuccessful attempt to stop the movement of the conquerors in Transcarpathia.

Іn 1914 during the First World War the pass saw heavy fighting between Austrian-Hungarian troops and those of Tsarist Russia. During World War II the pass was the scene of further battles; the remains of the defensive fortifications of so-called the Arpad Line can still be seen today.

The pass is also memorable in Ukrainian history because in 1939, just before the outbreak of World War II, it was the site of a mass murder of some 600 Ukrainian freedom fighters, the Carpathian Sich, who had been fighting against Hungarian and Polish occupying forces.

In 2008, the Hungarian government received permission from the Ukrainian government to install a monument to the passing of the Hungarian peoples into the future Hungary (in 895). The monument was designed by Ukrainian sculptor Petro Matl from Mukachevo.

      Add a review  


    Security code